Photographs on this page courtesy of SFWMD
Despite the many common names such as wild boar and razorback, there is only one species of wild pig (Suidae
) in Florida.
The Feral Pig
, Sus scrofa
, was introduced to Florida in the 1500's and is now found statewide in wooded areas close to water. Appearance is similar to domestic hogs, but leaner, with a longer, narrower head and a coarser, denser coat. Males have 2-5" long razor-sharp tusks. It is usually black though may be spotted or mottled. The tusks of females are much smaller. Overall body length is 50-78" with a 9-13" tail.
Males tend to be solitary, but several females and their offspring may remain together. Breeding occurs at any time of the year, with litters of 1-12 piglets born about 114 days later. The piglets are weaned in a few weeks but remain with the mother for several months. Females may have two litters per year.
It is an omnivore, foraging on the ground and rooting just beneath the surface, which damages the groundcover. Diet includes acorns and other nuts, mushrooms, fruits, small animals, birds, and carrion. It is rarely active during the day.
Wild boars are also called "razorbacks" because the hair along the backbone stands erect when the boar is agitated. They tend to retreat when approached but can become vicious when cornered.
Natural predators include man, bears, and panthers.
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