Your Florida Backyard NSiS Home Page Your Florida Backyard Spadefoot Toads
Spadefoot toads (family Pelobatidae) have hardened skin, called a "spade", on the heel of each hind foot. They are burrowers. Only one species is found in Florida.

The Eastern Spadefoot Toad, Scaphiopus holbrookii holbrookii, is found in temporary ponds statewide. It is greenish to brown with light stripes. Its spades are black. It has warty skin and large eyes with vertical pupils. It is 3" long.
Breeding can occur any time of the year if heavy rains cause ponds to form. The male floats stretched out on the surface and calls for a partner every 10 seconds. Eggs hatch in 2 days and the tadpoles may transform within 10 days.
Its skin secretions may cause skin and eye irritation.

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